The government of Oman has publicly supported the agreement (which it described as “historic”).  The Grand Mufti of Oman, Ahmed bin Hamad al-Khalili, indirectly criticized the treaty.  Ahmed Mulla Talal, spokesman for the Iraqi government, said that Iraq would not interfere in the sovereign affairs of other countries, but that its laws did not allow for the normalization of relations with Israel.  Despite Israel`s obvious promise to stop the annexation, Palestinian leaders rejected the agreement and recalled their ambassador from Abu Dhabi. From the point of view of the Palestinians and their supporters, the agreement reflects the bad faith parts of Israel, the United Arab Emirates and the United States, as the Israelis and Emiratis had already normalized their relations before the Abraham Agreement. Israel and the United Arab Emirates signed four agreements during the Gulf state`s first high-level visit to Tel Aviv since the controversial stage of establishing official relations between the two countries last month. But it`s not all about tactical opportunity. If the United Arab Emirates and Israel have taken the step of normalization, it is also because they have considered it necessary to prepare for the future phases of the American withdrawal from the region and, in the event of a democratic victory, for a possible return of détente between Washington and Tehran. Moreover, this agreement marks a real change of perspective in the settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It deprives the Palestinian Authority of the only real card left, the so-called Abdallah initiative or the Arab initiative, the old doctrine that the Arabs would recognize Israel on the day an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement was signed. The South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation regretted that the agreement was reached without consultation with the Palestinians, although the agreement was linked to their future, and noted that the agreement did not guarantee a permanent suspension of the annexation of parts of the West Bank.  The contract was signed on September 15, 2020.
The treaty recognizes the sovereignty of each state, obliges the two states to exchange ambassadors and conclude bilateral agreements on various subjects, including visa agreements, and will enter into force as soon as ratification.  The agreement was ratified by the Israeli government on 12 October and ratified by the Knesset on 15 October. The agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates promises to establish normal relations between the two countries. These include trade relations, tourism, direct flights, scientific cooperation and, in due course, full diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level. However, it is unlikely that the Emiratis will set up their embassy in Jerusalem. An important element of the Abraham agreement, although not explicitly formulated, is the strengthening of security cooperation against regional threats, particularly from Iran and its deputies.